Increase in mental illness


DAK Health Report 2011 presented - Increase in mental illness

The German Employee Health Insurance Fund (DAK) has published its health report 2011, in which the sick leave of DAK insured persons from 2010 is recorded and broken down according to various criteria. The DAK Health Report 2011 enables an allocation according to federal states as well as a division according to age, economic group or clinical picture.

Overall, the sickness rate of employed DAK insured persons in 2010 was 3.4 percent, which was roughly the same as in the previous year, the DAK experts reported when the Health Report 2011 was presented. By examining young workers between the ages of 18 and 29 separately Years, the health report should also examine in more detail the possible effects of less secure employment relationships on the health and sick leave of employees. According to the DAK Report, the young workers are shorter on average, but are on sick leave far more frequently.

Young workers are the focus of the Health Report 2011 According to its own statements in the Health Report 2011, the DAK placed the focus on young workers in order to analyze the health effects of the uncertain economic life prospects and professional careers that are difficult to plan. The DAK experts found that a little more than one in five young employees in Germany perceive everyday work as very stressful, even though the majority of them feel underwhelmed by their work. According to the DAK, the perceived burden is also reflected in the frequent sick leave, although the short period of sick leave can be seen as an indication that there are rarely serious illnesses among young workers. With fewer sick days overall, the older employees are on sick leave per certificate significantly longer than their young colleagues, which was also classified as a sign of more serious illnesses.

Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common reason for inability to work When it comes to the breakdown of sick leave according to the causes, musculoskeletal disorders (especially back pain) are the most common reason for sick leave in the 2011 Health Report with 22 percent of all sick reports. In second place are respiratory diseases with a share of 16 percent of sick leave, followed by sick leave due to acute injuries (14.3 percent). According to the statements of the DAK experts, however, the development in the area of ​​mental illnesses is particularly worrying. Their share of sick leave increased by around ten percent last year and averages 12.1 percent in the 2011 health report. Both the older employees and the younger employees are affected equally, the DAK experts report.

Regional differences in sick leave The DAK Health Report also notes significant regional differences in sick leave. While the West German states have an average sick leave of 3.3 percent, this is an average of 4.3 percent in the new federal states, the DAK experts explained. According to the health report, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania were the front runners in sick reports last year, each with 4.4% sick leave. The basis of the DAK Health Report 2011 was the data collected from the 2.6 million DAK members from 2010, 60 percent of whom were women and 40 percent were men. (fp)

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